Extending

Events

The export process has a few events you can leverage to interact with the underlying classes to add custom behaviour to the export.

You are able to hook into the parent package by using events. No need to use convenience methods like "query" or "view", if you need full control over the export.

The events will be activated by adding the WithEvents concern. Inside the registerEvents method, you will have to return an array of events. The key is the Fully Qualified Name (FQN) of the event and the value is a callable event listener. This can either be a closure, array-callable or invokable class.

namespace App\Exports;

use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\WithEvents;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\BeforeExport;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\BeforeWriting;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\BeforeSheet;

class InvoicesExport implements WithEvents
{
    /**
     * @return array
     */
    public function registerEvents(): array
    {
        return [
            // Handle by a closure.
            BeforeExport::class => function(BeforeExport $event) {
                $event->writer->getProperties()->setCreator('Patrick');
            },
            
            // Array callable, refering to a static method.
            BeforeWriting::class => [self::class, 'beforeWriting'],
            
            // Using a class with an __invoke method.
            BeforeSheet::class => new BeforeSheetHandler()
        ];
    }
    
    public static function beforeWriting(BeforeWriting $event) 
    {
        //
    }
}
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Do note that using a Closure will not be possible in combination with queued exports, as PHP cannot serialize the closure. In those cases it might be better to use the RegistersEventListeners trait.

Auto register event listeners

By using the RegistersEventListeners trait you can auto-register the event listeners, without the need of using the registerEvents. The listener will only be registered if the method is created.

namespace App\Exports;

use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\WithEvents;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\RegistersEventListeners;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\BeforeExport;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\BeforeWriting;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\BeforeSheet;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\AfterSheet;

class InvoicesExport implements WithEvents
{
    use Exportable, RegistersEventListeners;
    
    public static function beforeExport(BeforeExport $event)
    {
        //
    }

    public static function beforeWriting(BeforeWriting $event)
    {
        //
    }

    public static function beforeSheet(BeforeSheet $event)
    {
        //
    }

    public static function afterSheet(AfterSheet $event)
    {
        //
    }
}
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Global event listeners

Event listeners can also be configured globally, if you want to perform the same actions on all exports in your app. You can add them to e.g. your AppServiceProvider in the register() method.

Writer::listen(BeforeExport::class, function () {
    //
});

Writer::listen(BeforeWriting::class, function () {
    //
});

Sheet::listen(BeforeSheet::class, function () {
    //
});

Sheet::listen(AfterSheet::class, function () {
    //
});
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Available events

Event name Payload Explanation
Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\BeforeExport $event->writer : Writer Event gets raised at the start of the process.
Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\BeforeWriting $event->writer : Writer Event gets raised before the download/store starts.
Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\BeforeSheet $event->sheet : Sheet Event gets raised just after the sheet is created.
Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\AfterSheet $event->sheet : Sheet Event gets raised at the end of the sheet process.

Custom Concerns

You can add custom concerns to your app. This can be useful if you want to share some concerns over a few projects or want to open source your custom concerns.

Let's add a WithCustomProperties concern to your app. You could add these concerns to app/Exports/Concerns, but any location will do as long as it can be auto-loaded by composer.

namespace App\Exports\Concerns;

interface WithCustomProperties
{
    /**
     *
     * @return string
     */
    public function description(): string;
}
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Next to this concern we will create a concern handler. WithCustomerPropertiesHandler. This class can also be added to app/Exports/Concerns, but is again completely free of choice. A concern handler is basically just an invokable class. It receives your exportable object and either a Writer or Sheet object, depending on the choosen event.

namespace App\Exports\Concerns;

use App\Exports\Concerns\WithCustomProperties;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Writer;

class WithCustomPropertiesHandler
{
    /**
     * @param WithCustomProperties $exportable
     * @param Writer               $writer
     */
    public function __invoke(WithCustomProperties $exportable, Writer $writer)
    {
        $writer
            ->getDelegate()
            ->getProperties()
            ->setDescription(
                $exportable->description()
            );
    }
}
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We then will register this concern in a service provider. You could use app/Providers/AppServiceProvider for this.

public function register()
{
    Excel::extend(WithCustomProperties::class, new WithCustomPropertiesHandler);
}
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💡 ::extend accepts a callable as second parameter. It's also possible to pass a closure.

public function register()
{
    Excel::extend(WithCustomProperties::class, function(WithCustomProperties $exportable, Writer $writer) {
        $writer->getDelegate()->getProperties()->setDescription($exportable->description());
    });
}
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You can also bind concern handlers to different hooks. By default a concern handler is always bound to the BeforeWriting event. You can easily customize this, by supplying a 3rd parameter.

public function register()
{
    Excel::extend(WithCustomProperties::class, new WithCustomPropertiesHandler, BeforeExport::class);
}
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Macroable

Both Writer and Sheet are "macroable" which means they can easily be extended to fit your needs. Both Writer and Sheet have a ->getDelegate() method which returns the underlying PhpSpreadsheet class. This will allow you to add custom macros as shortcuts to PhpSpreadsheet methods that are not available in this package.

Writer

use \Maatwebsite\Excel\Writer;

Writer::macro('setCreator', function (Writer $writer, string $creator) {
    $writer->getDelegate()->getProperties()->setCreator($creator);
});
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Sheet

use \Maatwebsite\Excel\Sheet;

Sheet::macro('setOrientation', function (Sheet $sheet, $orientation) {
    $sheet->getDelegate()->getPageSetup()->setOrientation($orientation);
});
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Customize

You can create your own macro to add custom methods to a spreadsheet instance.

For example, to add styling to a cell, we first create a macro, let's call it styleCells:

use \Maatwebsite\Excel\Sheet;

Sheet::macro('styleCells', function (Sheet $sheet, string $cellRange, array $style) {
    $sheet->getDelegate()->getStyle($cellRange)->applyFromArray($style);
});
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Once the macro is created, it can be used inside the registerEvents() method as such:

namespace App\Exports;

use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\WithEvents;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\BeforeExport;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Events\AfterSheet;

class InvoicesExport implements WithEvents
{
    /**
     * @return array
     */
    public function registerEvents(): array
    {
        return [
            BeforeExport::class  => function(BeforeExport $event) {
                $event->writer->setCreator('Patrick');
            },
            AfterSheet::class    => function(AfterSheet $event) {
                $event->sheet->setOrientation(\PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Worksheet\PageSetup::ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE);

                $event->sheet->styleCells(
                    'B2:G8',
                    [
                        'borders' => [
                            'outline' => [
                                'borderStyle' => \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Style\Border::BORDER_THICK,
                                'color' => ['argb' => 'FFFF0000'],
                            ],
                        ]
                    ]
                );
            },
        ];
    }
}
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Feel free to use the above macro, or be creative and invent your own!

For PhpSpreadsheet methods, please refer to their documentation: https://phpspreadsheet.readthedocs.io/