Customize exports

Convenience methods

Exportable actions expose a few convenience methods that make customizing your resource exports a breeze.

Filename

By default the filename of the export is generated based on the plural form of the resource name. For a User resource this would be users.xlsx.

If you want to customize this, you can easily use the withFilename() method on the action.

/**
 * Get the actions available for the resource.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request $request
 *
 * @return array
 */
public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new DownloadExcel)->withFilename('users-' . time() . '.xlsx'),
    ];
}
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The file will now be downloaded as e.g. users-1535273559.xlsx.

Writer type

By default the writer type of the export is based on the file extension of the filename. When not using any custom filename, this will be .xlsx.

If you want to customize this, you can easily use the withWriterType() method on the action.

/**
 * Get the actions available for the resource.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request $request
 *
 * @return array
 */
public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new DownloadExcel)->withWriterType(\Maatwebsite\Excel\Excel::CSV),
    ];
}
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The file will now be downloaded in the csv format.

You can find a full list of writer types at Export formats.

Disk

By default the Export will be stored in the default storage disk.

If you want to customize this, you can easily use the withDisk() method on the action. You can use any of the disks configured in config/filesystems.php

/**
 * Get the actions available for the resource.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request $request
 *
 * @return array
 */
public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new ExportToExcel)->withDisk('my-custom-disk'),
    ];
}
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With Headings

By default the Export doesn't contain a heading row. If you want this, you can use the withHeadings method.

/**
 * Get the actions available for the resource.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request $request
 *
 * @return array
 */
public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new DownloadExcel)->withHeadings(),
    ];
}
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This will result into each column having their corresponding column name as first row.

withHeadings

If you want more control, you can pass in the headings yourself.

public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new DownloadExcel)->withHeadings('#', 'Name', 'E-mail'),
    ];
}
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Exporting all fields

By default it exports only the attributes indicated as index fields on the resource. If you want to export all attributes, you can use allFields()

public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new DownloadExcel)->allFields(),
    ];
}
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Exporting only certain columns.

If you want to select only a few columns for your export, you can use ->only().

public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new DownloadExcel)->only('name', 'email'),
    ];
}
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Exporting all except certain columns.

If you want to leave out a few columns in your export, you can use ->except(). It will now export all index fields except the ones you specified.

public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new DownloadExcel)->except('email'),
    ];
}
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If you want to export all fields except some, you can combine allFields() with except().

public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new DownloadExcel)->allFields()->except('email'),
    ];
}
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Chunk count

By default we chunk the resource query in chunks of 200, if you want to change this for performance reasons, you can use the withChunkCount() method.

public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new DownloadExcel)->withChunkCount(300),
    ];
}
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Custom success and error messages

By default both ExportToExcel and DownloadExcel send notifications to the user when an export is failed or succeeded. If you want to customize this, you can use the onSuccess or onFailure callbacks.

public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new ExportToExcel)
            ->onSuccess(function() {
                return Action::message('Your export is ready for you! :)');
            })->onFailure(function() {
                 return Action::danger('Oh dear! I could not create that export for you :(.');
            }),
    ];
}
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WARNING

Using onSuccess on DownloadExcel expects a Action::download to be returned!

Chaining jobs

Just like in Laravel Excel it's possible to chain extra jobs to the export queue when using the QueuedExport. You could e.g. notify the user about the export completion.

use Illuminate\Foundation\Bus\PendingDispatch;

public function actions(Request $request)
{
    return [
        (new QueuedExport)
            ->onSuccess(function (ActionRequest $request, PendingDispatch $queue) {
                $queue
                    ->allOnQueue('exports')
                    ->chain([
                        new NotifyUserOfCompletedExport($request->user()),
                    ]);
    
                return Action::message('Your export is queued!');
            }),
    ];
}
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<?php

namespace App\Jobs;

use App\User;
use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;
use Illuminate\Queue\InteractsWithQueue;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;

class NotifyUserOfCompletedExport implements ShouldQueue
{
    use SerializesModels, InteractsWithQueue, Queueable;

    /**
     * @var User
     */
    private $user;

    /**
     * @param User $user
     */
    public function __construct(User $user)
    {
        $this->user = $user;
    }

    public function handle()
    {
        $this->user->notify(...);
    }
}
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Full control

If you want to gain full control over your resource exports, you can choose to create your own actions.

If you create a custom action it should either extend from ExportToExcel or DownloadExcel, depending on the functionality you want to use.

<?php

namespace App\Nova\Actions;

use Maatwebsite\LaravelNovaExcel\Actions\DownloadExcel;

class ExportUsers extends DownloadExcel
{

}
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Concerns

Just like in the base package Laravel Excel you can apply concerns to your action.

E.g. we could add a WithMapping concern to the action. Now when exporting the resource it will first map each row, before exporting it.

<?php

namespace App\Nova\Actions;

use App\User;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\WithMapping;
use Maatwebsite\LaravelNovaExcel\Actions\DownloadExcel;
use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Shared\Date;

class ExportUsers extends DownloadExcel implements WithMapping
{
    /**
     * @param User $user
     *
     * @return array
     */
    public function map($user): array
    {
        return [
            $user->name,
            $user->email,
            Date::dateTimeToExcel($user->created_at),
        ];
    }
}
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You can find a full list of concerns at Overview of concerns